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Hosting control panels

Posted on 3 mins read

This post should be treated as an historical artifact. It probably contain broken external links and it may no longer reflect my views or opinions.

For about 6 years I’ve pondered the nature of web hosting control panels.

When I ran a web host, I played with CPanel, Plesk, and Direc­tAdmin. I’ve since dabbled in the open source waters of Webmin and Usermin, and of late I’ve even poked at VHCS and Open­Panel. I have, to date, not seen a single control panel that is precisely what I want (with Direc­tAdmin coming closest, and almost being a winner if not for its tiered reseller model aaaaannnd price tag). The real sticking points come down to the fact that I want:

  • The control panel to write human-readable, reasonable config­u­ration files: This is where Webmin falls down on the job. The config files are valid, but god are they awful to read.
  • No mention or hint of reseller anything: I just want admin­is­trative accounts running the show and hosted accounts with domains linked to them. Maybe some way for the hosted to monkey with the non-essentials of their own accounts. So on the grounds of overkill, pretty much every commercial panel fails my simple needs.

  • Email support for some­thing that’s not anti­quated: some panels use qmail (or some version therein, which hasn’t had a proper update in years), some use sendmail (which is older than dirt and half as secure), and some use whatever the flavor of the month is (read: whatever ships on the supported OS distro). Me? I’m a postfix guy. I’m not wedded to it per se, but it’s updated, feature packed, works well and its config­u­ration is only modestly arcane (qmail, by the way, fails due to having an arcane config­u­ration file structure that doesn’t plug into antivirus or spam very easily).

    Regarding IMAP and POP support, I find that these panels often use their own “ques­tionable” clients, or rely on courier. There isn’t really anything wrong with that, I just like dovecot more (to be fair, Direc­tAdmin supports dovecot last I checked).

    I don’t want to even get started with autho­rized SMTP support from these packages. God, the horror.

  • No byzantine depen­dencies: Don’t tell me that I need some god awful fossilized encryption library or ldap to make this system work.

    “Listen here, Mr. Control Panel, I don’t use LDAP, and unless that is what you’re using as a backing store for your hosting infor­mation, neither should you.”

To that end, I’ve begun playing with Ruby and Thor to whip up some simple add/delete scripts (with initial success!), and the biggest stum­bling block I’ve encoun­tered so far is just parsing out the accounts that exist.

The Apache config­u­ration file format is… archaic in its own right, being neither XML nor attribute: value pairs. It’s readable, but there is a reason that an entire perl package (HTTPD::Config, which may or may not exist anymore) was produced just to scrape httpd.conf files.

I fear that without stepping back a little and engi­neering a proper solution I’m just going to wind up reim­ple­menting what I encoun­tered when I did overnight support for Reality Check Networks (no link provided, because, well, you know. Those dudes…).